Sigmoid Colon Cancer Risk Factors
Although inappropriate diet & unhealthy lifestyle considerably add to the risks of sigmoid colon cancer, the disease may also be influenced by an underlying genetic predisposition. Sigmoid colon cancer statistics reveal that 5 % of colon cancers globally are caused solely through genetic dysfunctions and physiological abnormalities. Depending upon their underlying cause, sigmoid colon cancers may be either unexpected (sporadic colon cancers), or genetically-inherited.
The majority of cases of sigmoid colon cancer occur because of formation of polyps in different regions of the large bowel (the colon). Colonic polyps are well-known soft tissues which may become malignant. There are numerous types of hereditary sigmoid colon cancer; a lot are caused by colonic polyps. The most common kinds of genetically-inherited sigmoid colon cancers are adenomatous polyposis and “Gardner’s Syndrome”. Non-polyphonies colon cancer is alsocommon among hereditary forms of the disease. Unlike other types of genetically-inherited colon cancer, non-polyposis sigmoid colon cancer does not always involve the formation of polyps. Uncommon varieties of hereditary sigmoid colon cancer include juvenile polyposis and Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome.
Unlike non-hereditary types of colon cancer that usually develop in those older than fifty, hereditary sigmoid colon cancers can arise in younger people. In fact, some types of the genetically-inherited sigmoid colon cancers are developed by children and teenagers.
Those among the population with a family history of sigmoid colon cancer should regularly visit oncologists, qualified doctors or natural health specialists well versed in colon health, for the sake of prevention, or early detection and treatment. Discovered in its initial stages, colon cancer may be effectively overcome by means of surgical interference or specific therapies. On the other hand, if sigmoid colon cancer is identified much later, a patient’s prognosis may be uncertain.
Colonoscopy is a very common, reliable method of identifying sigmoid colon cancer in patients. Doctors may quickly spot potential signs and symptoms of abnormalities in the large bowel. Colonoscopy is very useful in the process of diagnosing the hereditary or sporadic types of colon cancer, since it can easily disclose the presence of colonic polyps, or the later stage tumors. People who have blood-relatives affected by colon cancer may carry a higher risk of developing such disease as well. Therefore, it is advised that they should receive also have semi-regular colonoscopies, as to detect and prevent signs of malignancy within the colon.
Both obtained (sporadic) and hereditary sigmoid colon cancers can be life-threatening diseases; they should be revealed as soon as is feasible in order to reduce the risk of morbidity. Colon cancers encompass an unpredictable prototype of evolution, and the development is strongly prejudiced by genetically-inherited abnormalities. While lifestyle improvements and vigorous diet can diminish those risks of developing sigmoid colon cancer, people with underlying physiological abnormalities of the large bowel may still be vulnerable to developing problems. However, this is not to say that good dietary and lifestyle choices should be disregarded. On the contrary, they should be embraced; they can benefit any person with concerns relating to sigmoid colon health.